Pest Control Tips
Household Pest Management Advice
Pest control refers to any system that aims to eliminate harmful pests. A pest may cause detrimental effects to the health of humans and animals along with the environment. Even regular pests that are found in homes like fleas and ticks, cockroaches, rodents and termites can be harmful in large numbers. This is why pest control is important to regulate numbers and maintain control.
The process of pest management requires many resources that may require professional help. In this case it is recommended to seek the help of a qualified pest control company. If this is not an option when you might find this article on pest control tips handy. We will share tips and advice for pest control techniques that can be used around your home.
Diseases Caused By Pests
A pest infestation can cause the following diseases:
- Skin infections
- Urinary tract infections (UTI)
- Lyme disease
- Skin breakouts
There are also other types of diseases unique to certain insects and rodents. Pests carry numerous types of viruses and bacteria that can severely affect health, especially in children who do not yet have developed immune systems.
Even though many of these diseases are treatable, the elderly and children may require medical treatment or even hospitalisation in extreme cases. An untreated pest outbreak is not only a health concern, but also a financial burden. You could spend thousands of dollars to cure pest related diseases.
Other problems that pests can cause are asthma, skin allergies, and various other respiratory problems. Cockroaches, for example, have been found to be responsible for causing allergies among at least 7% of the population in Australia. They are also one of the leading causes why children develop asthma in their early years.
Effect on environment and structural integrity
In Australia, people spend millions of dollars each year to repair structural damages caused by termite infestation. The termite is an extremely destructive pest. Termites eat through wooden products such as paper, plywood, and in extreme cases can also burrow into floorings, beams, and walls from the inside. This can be especially problematic in older homes where the base structures have not been maintained well for a long time.
Termites are known to be a elusive and damaging pest. Proper management is required to keep them at bay. Adverse effects on structural integrity of houses are a real threat, and it must be dealt professionally and in a thorough manner. These pests can also be very costly to treat if not eradicated early. Yearly inspections are recommended for homes with timber frames.
Household Pest Control Tips
If you want to handle a household pest infestation, it’s important that you understand the elimination process thoroughly. Leaving behind mulch, eggshells, crack in walls may cause disastrous effects in the long run as different kinds of pests are also likely to hide out in those areas.
Some quick tips you can obtain for pest control are the following:
- Check for moisture level in different areas of your home before starting the pest control process as certain pests are more likely to be found in individual areas.
- Do not ignore the exterior or landscape of your home because they too are prime places where pests often form their lair.
- Cleaning the gutters is highly critical for obvious reasons that need not be explained.
- Try to find an environmentally friendly pesticides that are easily disposable.
- Do not buy extremely pricey pest control equipment unless you know how to use it and plan to use it for the long term.
Eco-friendly Pest Treatment Advice
Believe it or not, you can harness the power of Mother Nature to keeps pests at bay from your garden. Organic pest control methods are highly popular around the world because they do not involve investing money on buying toxic chemicals to drive out insects. Insects like ladybugs, praying mantis and dragonflies can significantly reduce the population of garden pests. These insects actually feed on many common pests, which helps protect your gardens.
Also, you can use organic pesticides that have minimal chemical concentration and do not adversely affect the environment. Eco-friendly is the way to go for many reasons if you know how to practice the methods.
Tips For Using Pesticides
If you plan to use pesticides to tackle the infestation, be sure to adhere to the following tips for maximum effect:
- Read the label properly to learn about dosages and the amount necessary to drive out the pests from their home or eliminate entirely.
- Do not buy an off brand, cheaper alternative pesticide as they may contain harmful chemical ingredients that may cause environmental and structural damage.
- Make sure to strictly adhere by the proper dosages as applying extra pesticides may cause extreme damage to your house and the environment.
- Try to obtain organic pest control methods as much as possible before resorting to chemical-based pesticides.
- Regularly maintain your garden area to make the work of pesticides easier.
How To Find A Pest Professional
Apart from personal references and classified ads, you can always look up on pest control experts near your area online. There many reliable and affordable pest management experts specialists in every state. In New South Wales we recommend Pro Pest Control Sydney, a licensed and qualified exterminator.
But before you hire pest exterminator, follow the tips mentioned below to find to find the best expert to do the job:
- Nothing speaks more about a company’s effectiveness than their reputation. A pest expert with a solid reputation usually gets allot of word of mouth business. Ask your friends and family if they have any recommendations for you.
- Post a question on social media asking for recommendations.
- Read reviews of pest management companies online. check websites like Yellow Pages, Google+ and Yelp.
- Create a shortlist of three or four candidates and get quotes. Compare the quotes and ask questions about their services. Remember the cheapest isn’t always the best.
Pest Control Tips & Advice
Nothing is perhaps nastier then cockroach infestations as these creepy crawlies are a major threat to hygiene in every home. You can understand that your house is infested when these pests are breeding your home and you notice a large amount of tiny cockroaches running about.
Prevalence in homes (Australia)
The Australian cockroach (Periplaneta australasie) is a common tropical cockroach species that range between 23 to 35mm in length. They are overall brown in colour and can be found commonly in homes. Cockroaches are perhaps the most common pests in Australia that often breed due to unhygienic conditions.
Other types of Australian cockroaches are the Australian black cockroach, brown-banded cockroach, American cockroach, and German cockroach.
Tips to manage cockroaches
Work on maintaining proper hygiene for your home or commercial space. Regularly clean damp areas and use cockroach spray to prevent infestation. If the pest has already started breeding, you may need to use a strong pesticide such as powders, gels and sprays.
2. Fleas and ticks
Fleas and ticks are a pest also known as a parasite. that especially causes a lot of trouble to pests by making them uncomfortable and itchy. Pets such as dogs and cats are quick to pick up these microscopic pests.
Prevalence in homes
The Australian climate favours the breeding of fleas and ticks throughout the year with the peak season being autumn. Even though the autumn months are cooler, the warmth in households can keep the larvae and pupae alive for many months.
Your pets including cats and dogs are not safe unless your home is secured with proper flea and tick control measures.
Tips to manage fleas and ticks
Properly go through medication guidelines for treatments related to flea removal. Repellents do not usually treat the flea burdens on pets. It is recommended to treat the entire house using effective flea sprays. Also, do not ignore your yard or exterior surroundings while treating for fleas and ticks.
Also, make sure to disinfect and clean sites of tick bites so that they do not develop into an infection later on. If this pest is hard to remove consider consulting a veterinarian.
3. Rodents and Rats
Rodents are one of the leading causes of the spread of many germs and diseases around Australia. Sizes vary from small to extremely large. From the delicate “mini” mouse (pseudomys delicatulus) to the much larger water rat (hydromys chrysogaster). Some rats can grow to over 1000 grams.
Australian mice can breed fast. They can have up nine babies babies. The pregnancy period is only 22 days.
Prevalence in homes
The native mice don’t usually live near people, making it easier to spot the introduced house mouse that is small in size. There are eight species of rodents native to Australia, but many have gone extinct in the last two centuries. Homeowners are still threatened by their nocturnal activities and propensity to spread diseases.
Tips to manage rodents
Forget about mousetraps; if you are struggling with mice infestation, you will need a professional pest management strategy. Rats are extremely cunning creatures and quickly adapt to changing environment. They need powerful chemicals and rat poison that can kill in large numbers.
Bedbugs (Cimex lectularious) are wingless, oval-shaped insects. These pests are brown in colour and grow up to 5 mm in length when fully grown. Their size enables them to hide in small spaces and often feed on human or animal blood.
Bedbugs feed at night. The bites are hardly recognisable.
Prevalence in homes
This pest is mostly confined to tropical areas in Australia. They lay eggs in a variety of objects found in households. The most common ones being mattresses, furniture, bed frames, floorboards, etc.
Adult bugs can survive as much as an entire year without feeding.
Tips to manage bedbugs
Thoroughly vacuum suspected area of infestation, including mattresses, closets, and bed frames. Suspected bedding and clothes should be thoroughly washed in hot water followed up by a proper eye running or drying session. You can also reduce the number of hiding spots by filling up crevices and cracks around the house.
According to research, there are over 300 different termite species in Australia. Luckily, only a handful of them are capable of using the damage to properties. These insects are social in nature and live together in colonies. It is estimated that termites cause damages to more than 180,000 Australian homes and buildings every year.
Prevalence in homes
An established colony of termites can comprise of several million insects categorised broadly into 4 castes. The king and queen termite are central to a vibrant colony, and the others are soldiers, workers, and A’LATES.
Each of them has their specific role in the social structure of the colony. The queen laying around 2000 to 3000 eggs each day.
Tips to manage termites
Killing termites without any professional help can be extremely difficult. You can manage their population sealing off cracks around your home and furniture. However it’s near to impossible to eliminate them without professional grade pesticides.
Spiders are an extremely common pest you’ll find in almost every Australian home. These nasty creatures can prove to be fatal especially if the species happens to be venomous.
Prevalence in homes
Some species in Australia are the black house spider, daddy long legs spider, funnel web spider and the huntsman. Some of these are venomous, and most of them are just plain old scary!
Tips to manage spiders
Vacuum sheltered spots such as the back of cupboards, beneath worktops and behind furniture. Remove noticeable webs, fill in gaps in walls, around pipework, and under doors to prevent their entry. You may also use lighting that attracts fewer insects that spiders often feed on.
Silverfish thrive in damp and humid conditions. This pest is often found in bathrooms, laundry rooms, and other dark areas. They mainly feed on cellulose, starch, and sugar and can cause significant damage to property. They can also cause discomfort to households pets.
Prevalence in homes
Silverfish ares rampant in Australia due to the general climate. The most common species are the grey silverfish (Ctenolepisma longicaudata). This species is found in in books and fabric.
Tips to manage silverfish
You can deny these microscopic creatures sustenance by keeping debris and dust to a minimum. Regular cleaning and vacuuming is essential. There are also different types of sprays and DIY products that can control small populations.
But for a full-fledged infestation, you’ll need a pest management solution.
If you have spotted some ants running around on the floor, they may be a sign of a larger and infestation. An ant nest often looks like a small pile of dirt or soil. Some species like to make their homes in quiet and dark places, making these pests harder to spot.
Prevalence in homes
In Australia, the most familiar and species are the following:
- Blackhouse ant
- Argentine ants
- Bulldog or bull ants
- Coastal brown ant
- Garden Ant
- Pavement ant
There are also few more other varieties.
Tips to manage ants
There are many things you can do to control an ant population. These include sealing off the entry and exit points and clearing up sticky, sweet residues. Always clean benchtops and carefully seal containers. Basic cleaning and tidiness can be your best bet to avoid and infestation.
In the case of larger infestations, you may have to resort to using pesticides or calling a pest controller.
Pest control is an essential task that every homeowner should be take seriously. Your family and friends health is the number one priority. If you cannot perform DIY treatment, consider hiring a local pest control company. Rest assured they will take every step possible to leave your house pest free – guaranteed!
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